The verb is king in English. The shortest sentence
contains a verb. You can make a one-word sentence with a verb, for
" You cannot make a one-word sentence with any
other type of word.
Verbs are sometimes described as "action words".
This is partly true. Many verbs give the idea of action, of "doing"
something. For example, words like run, fight, do and work
all convey action.
But some verbs do not give the idea of action; they give the idea of
existence, of state, of "being". For example, verbs like be, exist,
seem and belong all convey state.
A verb always has a subject. (In the sentence "John speaks English",
John is the subject and speaks is the verb.) In simple
terms, therefore, we can say that verbs are words that tell us what a
subject does or is; they describe:
- action (Ram plays football.)
- state (Anthony seems kind.)
There is something very special about verbs in English. Most other
words (adjectives, adverbs, prepositions etc) do not change in form
(although nouns can have singular and plural forms). But almost all
verbs change in form. For example, the verb to work has five
- to work, work, works, worked, working
Of course, this is still very few forms compared to some languages
which may have thirty or more forms for a single verb.