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Reading comprehension -TOEFL- Lesson 12 (Đọc hiểu -TOEFL- Lesson 12)

Reading and answers the question:

Carnegie Hall, the famous concert hall in New York City, has again undergone a restoration. While this is not the first, it is certainly the most extensive in the building's history. As a result of this new restoration, Carnegie Hall once again has the quality of sound 5 that it had when it was first built.

Carnegie Hall owes its existence to Andrew Carnegie, the wealthy owner of a steel company in the late 1800s. The hall was finished in 1891 and quickly gained a reputation as an excellent performing arts hall 10 where accomplished musicians gained fame. Despite its reputation, however, the concert hall suffered from several detrimental renovations over the years. During the Great Depression, when fewer people could afford to attend performances, the directors sold part of the building to commercial businesses. As a result, a coffee shop was opened 15 in one corner of the building, for which the builders replaced the brick and terra cotta walls with windowpanes. A renovation in 1946 seriously damaged the acoustical quality of the hall when the makers of the film Carnegie Hall cut a gaping hole in the dome of the ceiling to allow for lights and air vents. The hole was later 20 covered with short curtains and a fake ceiling, but the hall never sounded the same afterwards.

In 1960, the violinist Isaac Stern became involved in restoring the hall after a group of real estate developers unveiled plans to demolish 25 Carnegie Hall and build a high-rise office building on the site. This threat spurred Stern to rally public support for Carnegie Hall and encourage the City of New York to buy the property. The movement was successful, and the concert hall is now owned by the city. In the current restoration, builders tested each new material for its 30 sound qualities, and they replaced the hole in the ceiling with a dome. The builders also restored the outer walls to their original appearance and closed the coffee shop. Carnegie has never sounded better, and its prospects for the future have never looked more promising.

1. This passage is mainly about

2. The word "extensive" in line 3 could be best replaced by which of the following?

3. In line 11, what is the meaning of the word "detrimental"?

4. What major change happened to the hall in 1946?

5. Who was Andrew Carnegie?

6. Which of the following words could best replace the word "gaping" in line 18?

7. The word "fake" in line 20 is most similar to which of the following?

8. What was Isaac Stern's relationship to Carnegie Hall?

9. What was probably the most important aspect of the recent renovation?

10. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word "unveiled" in line 24?

11. The author uses the word "spurred" in line 26 to show that Stern

12. How does the author seem to feel about the future of Carnegie Hall?

13. Which of the following would most likely be the topic of the next paragraph?

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