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Reading comprehension -TOEFL- Lesson 134 (Đọc hiểu -TOEFL- Lesson 134)

Reading and answers the question: Distillation, the process of separating the elements of a solution, is widely used in industry today. The two most common methods of
distillation are fractional distillation, used in the preparation of alcoholic beverages, and flash distillation, used for the conversion 5 of ocean water to fresh water. In fractional distillation a mixtureis separated into its various component parts by boiling. This method makes use of the fact that different elements boil at varying temperatures. For example, alcohol has a considerably lower boiling temperature than water: the boiling temperature of water is 212 degrees and the 10 boiling temperature of alcohol is 172 degrees. Thus, when a mixture of alcohol and water is heated, the alcohol vaporizes more quickly than the water. The distillate is collected and the process is repeated until the desired purity has been achieved. Flash distillation does not require high temperatures but instead is based on pressure. In 15 this process, a liquid that is to be separated is forced from a compartment kept under high pressure into a compartment kept at a lower pressure. When a liquid moves into the low-pressure chamber, it suddenly vaporizes, and the vapor is then condensed into distillate.

1. According to the passage, what makes fractional distillation occur?

2. According to the passage, fractional distillation can occur only if

3. Which of the following statements about boiling temperatures is true?

4. According to the passage, in the flash distillation process, what causes the liquid to vaporize?

5. Which of the following processes would probably involve distillation?

6. The main purpose of this passage is to

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