Reading and answers the question:
When some nineteenth-century New Yorkers said "Harlam" , they meant1. What does the passage mainly discuss?
almost all of Manhattan above Eighty-sixth Street. Toward the end
of the century, however, a group of citizens in upper Manhattan-
wanting, perhaps, to shape a closer and more precise sense of community-designated
5 a section that they wished to have known as Harlem. The chosen area
was the Harlem to which Blacks were moving in the first decades of
the new century as they left their old settlements on the middle and lower
blocks of the West Side.
10 As the community became predominantly Black, the very work "Harlem"
seemed to lose its old meaning. At times, it was easy to forget that
"Harlem" was originally the Dutch name "Haarlem" ; that the community
it described had been founded by people from Holland; and that for
most of its three centuries-it had been occupied by White New Yorkers.
15 "Harlem" became synonymous with Black life and Black style in Manhattan.
Blacks living there used the word as though they had coined it themselves-
not only to designate their area of residence but to express their
sense of the various qualities of its life and atmosphere. As the
years passed, "Harlem" assumed an even larger meaning. In the words
20 of Adam Clayton Powell, Sr... the pastor of the Abyssinian Baptist
Church, Harlem "became the symbol of liberty and the Promised Land
to Negroes everywhere". By 1919 Harlem's population has grown by
several thousand. It had received its share of wartime migration
24 from the South, the Caribbean, and parts of colonial Africa. Some
of the new arrivals merely lived in Harlem : it was New York they
had come to, looking for jibs and for all the other legendary opportunities
of life in the city. To others who migrated to Harlem, New York was
merely the city in which they found themselves; Harlem was exactly
29 where they wished to be.
2. In the second paragraph, the author says that Harlem Blacks used the word "Harlem" as though they had coined it themselves to mean that they
3. Which of following areas is NOT mentioned in the passage as a source of Black migration to Harlem?
4. The passage supports which of the following conclusions?
5. The paragraph following the passage most probably discusses